Business and governments are increasingly concerned about the lack of resilience that exists in global supply chains, according to a new report from the World Economic Forum, Building Resilience in Supply Chains.
The report, an initiative of the World Economic Forum’s Risk Response Network in collaboration with Accenture, reveals that 80 per cent of companies worldwide see better protection of supply chains as a priority, given persisting external threats and vulnerabilities such as oil dependence and information fragmentation.
Top supply chain risks identified in the report by corporate and government executives included conflict and political unrest, and natural disasters and extreme weather conditions such as the effects of Hurricane Sandy, which closed ports and airports in the north-eastern US in November 2012 and prompted localised fuel rationing, and the floods in Thailand in 2011 and 2012. The report also found that cyber risk and rising insurance and trade finance are emerging areas of concern.
The report calls for four steps to help integrate resilience thinking into supply chain management:
* Institutionalise a risk assessment process rooted in a broad-based and neutral international body
* Mobilise international standards bodies to develop and harmonise the adoption of resilience standards
* Incentivise organisations to follow agile, adaptable strategies to improve common resilience
* Expand the use of data-sharing platforms for risk identification and response
“Improving cooperation on risk and resilience remains a hard thing to do, but is particularly important for supply chains, as they are a critical and strategic part of national infrastructure,” added Sean Doherty, director of supply chain & transport industry at the World Economic Forum.
The report also pinpointed notable differences in perspectives that stem from government responsibility for public security and long-term risks compared to industry’s focus on ensuring that supply chains work effectively on a day-to-day basis. Differences in regional perspectives – attributed to local experiences with supply chain disruption and growth expectations – underscored the need to develop a harmonised resilience framework supported with common supply chain standards.
To help government, industries and consumers cooperate, the report calls for a common risk vocabulary, improved data and information sharing along and between supply chains, and more flexible response strategies.